National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030

On 22 November 2023, Belgium's various governments reached an agreement at the Joint Consultation Committee to submit the draft updated NECP (2023) to the European Commission.

The draft NECP update is structured according to the table of contents as demanded by the EU governance regulation 2018/1999 (see annex 1 of the regulation) and the European Commission guidelines.

As stated in the disclaimer at the beginning of the document, the NECP consists of:

  • common texts validated by the three regions and the federal State and binding on all of them;

  • texts specific to the regions or federal State, under the titles 'Federal State', 'Flemish Region', 'Walloon Region' and 'Brussels-Capital Region', which are binding only on the concerned entity, and are under their respective responsibility.

The latter texts come from the (air,) climate and energy plans or contributions of the various entity regions and the federal State to the NECP:

  • On 21 April 2023 and 27 October 2023, the federal government took note of the update of the Federal Energy and Climate Plan (FECP 2023).

  • On 12 May 2023, the Flemish government approved the updated draft Flemish Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030 (Vlaams Energie- en Klimaatplan or VEKP).

  • On 21 March 2023, the Walloon government approved the Air, Climate and Energy Plan 2030.

  • On 27 April 2023, the Brussels government approved the Regional Air, Climate and Energy Plan.


22 November 2023

agreement consultation committee on submission draft update 2023

31 December 2019

the final plan was submitted to the European Commission

18 September 2019

launch of this website with the publication of the results

A few highlights from the public inquiry

Nearly 90% of the survey respondents believe that public transport and soft mobility (cycling, walking, etc.) should be more attractive from a tax point of view than private cars for commuters.

90% considers the further development of renewable energy to be a priority.

60% is prepared to invest in green heating (heat pump or grid, solar water heater, ...)

90% would like a VAT reduction for energy renovation of buildings.

54% would take the energy performance certificate (EPC) into account when choosing a next rental home.

68% would like to be more involved in the design of climate policy.

4 September 2019

regional consultation of the draft NECP with the countries from the Pentalateral Energy Forum (Benelux, Germany, France, Austria and Switzerland)

15 July 2019

60,910 respondents participated in the national online survey


4 June 2019

launch of a national public inquiry

31 December 2018

a draft plan was submitted to the European Commission

This National Energy and Climate Plan sketches the outlines for the transition towards a sustainable, secure and affordable energy system

Key contributors to this plan include: